The ITF Supervisor/Referee or Chair Umpire may call a medical layoff if the Sports Physiotherapist has evaluated the player and determined that medical treatment is required, as per the ITF rule book.
According to the law, downtime gets limited to three minutes of treatment, placed on or off the court.Unless the trainer believes that emergency treatment gets required for an acute problem, the player can take an MTO during a change-over or between sets.
Contrary to popular misconception, a player cannot request an MTO on their own; the physician decides whether or no downtime is required. While a player can take as many downtimes as they choose, each treatable medical condition can only have one MTO.
1. Downtime for Bleeding.
A bleeding layoff lasts up to 15 minutes, during which time visible bleeding gets stopped, the court gets cleaned, and contaminated materials get disposed of away. There is no coaching permit during the suspension of play.
2. Medical Issues.
An injury, disease, heat-related condition or cramping, or any other condition that the player believes requires diagnosis or treatment, is considered a medical condition. An exacerbation of a pre-existing medical illness is likewise a medical condition.
3. Untreatable Medical Conditions.
Medical downtime or treatment not permitted during a match or warmup for the following medical conditions:
- Any medical issue that can’t treat well during the game, such as a degenerative condition that can’t be alleviated or eased by on-court treatment;
- General player tiredness, defined as fatigue not accompanied by cramps, vomiting, disorientation, blisters, or other treatable symptoms;
- Any medical condition that cannot handle during the game, such as a degenerative disease that requires no assistance.
Any player who receives an injection, intravenous infusion, or supplemental oxygen other than as approved by USTA Regulations will be forfeited immediately. Diabetes patients can use technology to track their blood sugar levels, administer insulin subcutaneously, and use battery-powered insulin pumps. Only handheld, non battery, nonelectrical inhalers get permitted for asthmatics.
4. Medical downtime is subject to a limit.
- One in Stretching and one in the match. Cramping, heat-related situations. There’s a cap.Even if there is heat exhaustion or cramps in various regions of the body
- No layoffs are allowed due to general exhaustion.
- One in Stretching and one during the match had visible bleeding. There is a downtime for bleeding.If there is apparent bleeding in another part of the body, it is permissible.
- No downtime is permitted due to a medical condition that cannot treat.
- One for each medical issue that is treatable. Two medical professionals are allowed.
- Regardless of the number of treatable medical issues during one interruption of play, layoff conditions. the maximum amount of time during which play may pause for evaluation .It takes 15 minutes to treat both diseases. a player with a previously diagnosed medical condition .It may take an hour or more to treat during the warmup period.
Tennis medical Downtime rules
From one of my previous blog postings, here is a brief description of the medical timeout (MTO) rules. According to the rule, a player cannot treat for loss of conditioning, fitness, or fatigue. Tiredness, cramping, hurting muscles, and other lack of conditioning symptoms are prevalent.
Anything that isn’t an accident such as a twisted ankle, a cut, or sickness due to weariness. The following are MTO-related extracts from the official Grand Slam Rule Book. The rules are a little contradictory and difficult to understand.
You are welcome to read the complete rule book. I have compiled a list of the essential points below (highlights are my own). Player exhaustion in general.When the Physiotherapist/Athletic Trainer is ready to begin therapy, the Medical Time-Out begins.
Treatment during a Medical Time-Out may take place off-court, at the discretion of the Physiotherapist/Athletic Trainer, and in consultation with the Tournament Doctor. The Medical Time-Out can only use for three minutes.
For each curable medical condition, a player gets granted one Medical Time-Out. All clinical signs of heat illness must treat as a single medical condition. All treatable musculoskeletal injuries that appear as part of a kinetic chain continuum will treat as a single (1) medical condition.
How Long Does a Medical Timeout Last?
After evaluation time, a conventional medical downtime usually lasts three minutes. This timing can vary based on what occurred and whether or not a person needs anything unusual. For example, three minutes will strong enforce if it is simply a regular sprained ankle or some other relatively mild injury. The umpire may grant additional time if a severe accident requires treatment before returning to the court.
As long as the injury is manageable, players are entitled to two medical downtimes every match. If an injury is too severe for a player to continue, they will compel to withdraw. Both the diagnostic and treatment times are limited to 15 minutes.
The existing medical timeout rules have a flaw.
The MTO guidelines as they stand today have a few flaws. As you may have noticed, the restrictions are a little unclear and contradictory. The rules are difficult to understand, susceptible to individual interpretation, and nearly impossible to enforce because of this combination of weaknesses.
When you consider the strain trainers are under the fact that there are no punishments or incentives for their duties, rule enforcement becomes much more difficult. All results in a system of rules that are extremely easy to manipulate, bend, or completely disregard without repercussions.
Some players are going to take advantage of a situation like this. It may argue that not taking advantage is unwise because a less conscientious opponent would gain a minor advantage by manipulating the system to his advantage. It isn’t to say that every player does it.
Some do, though, and by strategically bending or breaking the rules, they can gain an advantage during periods in a match, obtain some much-needed rest, or stop an opponent’s momentum. Perhaps the biggest problem isn’t that so many players break MTO rules, but that many of them get never enforced.
Even overt infractions are nearly impossible to punish because the regulations around fatigue management, continuing play, and what defines an injury (to name a few) are essentially so flexible and adaptable.
When a player in football (soccer) fakes a dive, commentators and spectators alike are enraged, but only the boldest referees will issue a yellow or red card. Why? He exposes himself to criticism and abuse by doing so. Diving, on the other hand, is unlawful and technically cheating.